The Nazi German Death Camp in Sobibor
Sobibor concentration camp was operating between 1942 and 1943. The camp was situated in woods, on the outskirts of Sobibór – the village located close to the border of Poland, the Ukraine and Belarus. The aim of the camp was an achievement of „Operation Reinhard”, what meant to annihilate the Jews population. The whole camp complex was divided into 3 zones. The first one was destined for the SS-staff, the another – for the SS-Watchmannschaft guards, and the third – for Jews who were being forced to backbreaking work and who were killed in gas chambers. The min. estimated number of killed people is 250000. The most of them was Jews (about 170.000). The inmates came from various countries: Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, France, Germany, and more. On October 1943, the revolt broke out in the camp. Approximately 320 of inmates, who took part in this rebellion, managed to escape. Shortly after the revolt, Germans decided to liquidate the camp which was razed to the ground. Today, the State Museum is located on the place of the former Nazi German concentration camp.
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