Mauthausen Concentration Camp
Mauthausen concentration camp was established in 1938 by Nazi Germans, 5 months after the annexation of Austrian territory to the Third Reich. Situated in the town of Mauthausen only 20 km east from Linz, it was the longest operating slave labour camps as well as one of the biggest concentration camps with numerous sub-camps. Inmates were used as a cheap labour in exploitation nearby quarries. The another function of that camp was an elimination of political opponents of Nasizm. Inmates have been dying from constant hunger, cold, diseases, brutal detention conditions, mistreatment. The prisoners were being killed in gas chambers or by lethal injections and also in executions or they were often beaten to death. After 1943, plenty of the inmates were forced to work in armament industry. It was caused by increasing demand for weapons. On 5 May 1945, the Allied forces liberated Mauthausen camp. It was the end of the brutal and inhumane imprisonment, but a giant number of the inmates hadn't lived to see this moment. The estimated number of imprisoned people is 200 000 and approximately half of them lost their lives.
In 1970, the museum and permanent exhibition at the Mauthausen Memorial was opened in commemoration of victims of the Nazi ideology.
The Mauthausen Memorial offers various permanent exhibitions. The exhibition “Mauthausen Concentration Camp 1938–1945” tells the story of Mauthausen concentration camp and its network of satellite camps. 'The Crime Scenes of Mauthausen' is divided into sections: Daily Violence, Executions Death at the Perimeter, Fence Death in the Quarry, Deadly Medicine, Murder by Poison Gas, Disposal of the Corpses. There are also the new memorial of the Room of Names and the Exhibition Objects with original artefacts which tell about their owners' stories.
We can organize private tours to Mauthausen Concentration Camp from Vienna with an English-speaking guide.
We can pick you up from your hotel at chosen time.$ back