Terezin Memorial - former police prison and concentration camp in Czech Republic
The biggest prison on the area of Bohemia in Sudeten was Terezin Camp. Originally, it was an imperial fortress from 19th century which advantages were noticed by Nazi Germans and turned into a police prison in 1940. Political prisoners, who were involving in resistance movements, were being detained in that so-called „small fortress” . Among inmates there have found Czechs and Slovaks (90 %), prisoners of war from the Soviet Union, Poland, Yugoslavia, France, Italy. The „small fortress” was a kind of a transit prison, from where inmates were transported to concentration camps or stood trial.
As distinct from extermination camps, prisoners have tried to create reality which could allow them to forget about daily stress, mistreatment, humiliation, terror. They have organised cultural or political meetings, write poems and other works.
The other part of that prison was a main fortress – special extermination camp for Jews. It has operated within the confines of Final Solution of the Jewish Question. Nazi Germans created a ghetto in 1941 in the town of Terezin. Jews were gathered there and after a short period of time transported to Auschwitz and other death camps. From October 1942, 87000 of them left the Terezin Camp. Most of them were killed.
Terezin Memorial was opened in 1947 and depicts a history from the most inhuman times of the recent past. It offers various exhibitions which illustrate the camp life, its reality which is remote from the normal one. The mission of the Terezin Memorial is to commemorate the victims of the Nazi regime, people who were treated brutally and without due respect for human being. Visitors can visit the Small Fortress, Ghetto Museum and Magdeburg Barracks, Crematorium, Columbarium, Ceremonial Halls, Central Morgue and the prayer room. For those who are eager for more information, there are the archives.
We provide English-speaking guides as well as we can arrange the tour in other languages on request.$ back